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Software Raid

Objectives:

Requirements:

You will follow the tasks below to correctly configure the RAID arrays.

Task 1 - Initial setup

Create an EC2 instance on AWS. You need at least 2GB of RAM. You need to add 5x1G volumes to this machine.

Task 2 - Striping
Description

Use the appropriate commands and stripe 2 of the disks together.

Format the new array as ext4.

Mount the partition.

Grab output of df and relevant mount output (i.e. mount | grep sda)

Benchmarking

We will use dd:

Do the benchmark tests indicated in the table below.. I would probably create a spreadsheet or something similar to the table to record your results.

Benchmark

metric Raid 0 RAID 1 Raid10 Raid5
Not degraded
dd average - bs 1M count 1024
dd average - bs 512K count 1024
dd average - bs 2M count 1024
degraded
dd average - bs 1M count 1024 -
dd average - bs 512K count 1024 -
dd average - bs 2M count 1024 -

Screen capture the results of some of a few of your benchmark tests.

Rebuilding

One of the main purposes of RAID is redundancy in case of a drive failure. We need to see what happens as we fail. Make sure that you have done the other requirements above and correctly recorded the output as defined in the pass off section below before you attempt this section, else you may end up with an unusable RAID state and have to start over again. (Note: If you are doing striping, there IS no redundant data, so you CAN’T rebuild anything… You may skip this entire section on rebuilding for striping ONLY)

Physically or via mdadm remove a drive that is participating in your RAID array.

Now that you have removed a drive, your RAID array should be broken, let’s now try to resurrect our stuff. Note that at this point, if you do the appropriate command you should see a status of DEGRADED or Broken for your array (screen capture that).

Before you re-insert the disk, re-run your benchmark i/o tests with the disk utility and record your results.

Re-insert and scan for the newly inserted disk.

It may take a while for your unit to rebuild. Screen capture the status of your array again.

Task 3 - Raid 10

You guessed it. Do a raid 10 configuration. Clean old raid configs, Remount, benchmark and rebuild.

Task 4 - Raid 5

Do a raid5 configuration. Clean old raid configs, Remount, benchmark and rebuild.

Task 5 - Results

Finally, compare and contrast the results of your benchmarks of raid0, raid5, and raid10. A chart of some sort might be nice. You should discuss the following:

This should follow appropriate technical report-writing conventions. Make sure that you include a cover page and that you have subdivided your report into appropriate sections using subheadings and headings as appropriate.

Any of your screen captures from above should be an appendix to this report. Make it neat and legible as if you were submitting this to your CEO so he could decide what to buy!!

Last Updated 02/01/2021