In this assignment you will install a CLI version of Linux, often known as a headless version (no GUI).
Create a new VM using 1024MB RAM, 1 CPU, 8GB Hard Drive, the bionic_server image. Click the link, select cit_vm_install_server.mp4 and follow along to create a new virtual machine (Note the network instructions will be different than what the video shows for the CIDR. For IT1100 it will be /29.
Follow the quick_guide instructions found here.
After the install is complete:
SSH into the machine by opening a terminal (or Putty) using ssh
If you get a connection refused error then your OpenSSH did not install during the initial setup of your Linux server.
- To Fix this
- login into the machine using your VNC Viewer and run
sudo apt update
sudo apt install openssh-server.
- To Fix this
If you get a connection timeout then you probably have an ip typo or network configuration error
To fix this
- login into the machine using your VNC Viewer and
- Check your Internet connection by typing
- View the network configuration by
cat /etc/netplan/50-cloud-init.yaml. The dhcp4 argument should be false. If it is true then it means that you failed to enter the network information during install.
You can edit the file using sudo and vim. Download this worksheet CLI-Network-Fix
If you make changes to the file you need to restart your machine
Complete a proper command-line shutdown
sudo shutdown now
Log into vm.cs.dixie.edu and push the green button to restart your machine.
After you have successfully ssh’d into your VM:
- install a package called fortune
- run the program to see what it does
- Take a screenshot of your command and fortune
- create a new user
sudo adduser joe
- ssh into your machine as joe and run
- Take a screenshot of your command and joe’s files
Just for fun - some more fun commands
To pass off
Take a screenshot of the command you typed and your fortune.
Take a screen shot of your command-line install while logged in as
joe showing the results of the
ls -la command.
Submit your screenshots in Canvas.
Last Updated 02/22/2019